Автоматическая, правильная расстановка прав в файловой структуре

Скрипт, который автоматически проставляет везде нужные права, полезен при переезде на реальный хостинг:
#!/bin/bash
if [ $(id -u) != 0 ]; then
printf "This script must be run as root.\n"
exit 1
fi
drupal_path=${1%/}
drupal_user=${2}
httpd_group="${3:-www-data}"
# Help menu
print_help() {
cat This script is used to fix permissions of a Drupal installation
you need to provide the following arguments:
1) Path to your Drupal installation.
2) Username of the user that you want to give files/directories ownership.
3) HTTPD group name (defaults to www-data for Apache).
Usage: (sudo) bash ${0
##*/} --drupal_path=PATH --drupal_user=USER --httpd_group=GROUP
Example: (sudo) bash ${0
##*/} --drupal_path=/usr/local/apache2/htdocs --drupal_user=john --httpd_group=www-data
HELP
exit 0
}
# Parse Command Line Arguments
while [ $
# -gt 0 ]; do
case "$1" in
--drupal_path=*)
drupal_path="${1
#*=}"
;;
--drupal_user=*)
drupal_user="${1
#*=}"
;;
--httpd_group=*)
httpd_group="${1
#*=}"
;;
--help) print_help;;
*)
printf "Invalid argument, run --help for valid arguments.\n";
exit 1
esac
shift
done
if [ -z "${drupal_path}" ] || [ ! -d "${drupal_path}/sites" ] || [ ! -f "${drupal_path}/core/modules/system/system.module" ] && [ ! -f "${drupal_path}/modules/system/system.module" ]; then
printf "Please provide a valid Drupal path.\n"
print_help
exit 1
fi
if [ -z "${drupal_user}" ] || [ $(id -un ${drupal_user} 2> /dev/null) != "${drupal_user}" ]; then
printf "Please provide a valid user.\n"
print_help
exit 1
fi
cd $drupal_path
printf "Changing ownership of all contents of "${drupal_path}":\n user => "${drupal_user}" \t group => "${httpd_group}"\n"
chown -R ${drupal_user}:${httpd_group} .
printf "Changing permissions of all directories inside "${drupal_path}" to "rwxr-x---"...\n"
find . -type d -exec chmod u=rwx,g=rx,o= '{}' \;
printf "Changing permissions of all files inside "${drupal_path}" to "rw-r-----"...\n"
find . -type f -exec chmod u=rw,g=r,o= '{}' \;
printf "Changing permissions of "files" directories in "${drupal_path}/sites" to "rwxrwx---"...\n"
cd sites
find . -type d -name files -exec chmod ug=rwx,o= '{}' \;
printf "Changing permissions of all files inside all "files" directories in "${drupal_path}/sites" to "rw-rw----"...\n"
printf "Changing permissions of all directories inside all "files" directories in "${drupal_path}/sites" to "rwxrwx---"...\n"
for x in ./*/files; do
find ${x} -type d -exec chmod ug=rwx,o= '{}' \;
find ${x} -type f -exec chmod ug=rw,o= '{}' \;
done
echo "Done settings proper permissions on files and directories"

Копируешь код данный выше в файл и называешь его, например "fix-permissions.sh" и запускаешь:

sudo bash fix-permissions.sh --drupal_path=твой/путь/к_папке_с_друпалом --drupal_user=имя_пользователя_сервера

т.е. примерно так, если nginx сервер, чтобы получше понять:

sudo bash fix-permissions.sh --drupal_path=/usr/share/nginx/www/директория_нашего_сайта --drupal_user=www-data

Категория: 
The code has been tested and works
Мультитег: 

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